Tag:US

1
SDNY Rules Ripple’s XRP token is NOT a Security
2
SEC’s Stunning Enforcement Actions against Binance and Coinbase
3
CFPB Raises Alarms Without Providing All the Facts
4
Does your Marketplace need to be “INFORM-ed” by June 27th? The New INFORM Consumers Act Could Significantly Impact Online Marketplace Operations
5
CFTC Chair Asserts Jurisdiction Over Fiat-Based Stablecoins
6
In a Rare Decision On Abandoned Property Law, The US Supreme Court Rules Against Delaware
7
Crypto Platform Kraken Pays $30 Million and Ceases Staking Services to Settle SEC Charges
8
The CFPB Proposes New Credit Card Late Fee Limits
9
“MetaBirkin” NFT Maker Liable in TM Dispute
10
Federal Reserve Issues Policy Statement Limiting Crypto-Activities of State Member Banks

SDNY Rules Ripple’s XRP token is NOT a Security

By Andrew Hinkes and Eden Rohrer

On July 13, 2023, in a long awaited decision in Securities and Exchange Commission v. Ripple Labs, Inc., Bradley Garlinghouse and Christian A. Larsen, Judge Analisa Torres of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York ruled on the cross-summary judgement motions finding that Defendant Ripple Labs’  XRP Token is not a security, handing the SEC a stunning defeat on many arguments that have been advanced by the SEC in multiple enforcement actions affecting issuers and exchanges of digital assets.

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SEC’s Stunning Enforcement Actions against Binance and Coinbase

By Drew Hinkes, Cliff Histed, Judie Rinearson, Eden Rohrer, Max Black

In a stunning move, over the last two days, the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) has filed back-to-back enforcement actions against major crypto exchanges Binance (See https://www.sec.gov/files/litigation/complaints/2023/comp-pr2023-101.pdf) and Coinbase (See https://www.sec.gov/litigation/complaints/2023/comp-pr2023-102.pdf . This clearly indicates that the SEC is flexing its enforcement power over both international exchanges as well as those exchanges with a focus on the United States.

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CFPB Raises Alarms Without Providing All the Facts

By Judie Rinearson and Jeremy McLaughlin

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s (CFPB) recent Consumer Alert was certainly well intentioned. Many consumers (including the authors) who hold funds in payment apps (such as Venmo and Paypal) should be made aware that the funds are usually NOT held in an FDIC-insured bank.  But that doesn’t mean the funds are necessarily unprotected.

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Does your Marketplace need to be “INFORM-ed” by June 27th? The New INFORM Consumers Act Could Significantly Impact Online Marketplace Operations

By John ReVeal, Judie Rinearson, and Katie Staba

The Integrity, Notification, and Fairness in Online Retail Marketplaces for Consumers Act (the “INFORM Consumers Act” or “Act”) (https://www.congress.gov/117/bills/s936/BILLS-117s936is.pdf ) which passed on December 29, 2022 will come into effect on June 27, 2023.  Originally intended to address increasing consumer complaints about online marketplace purchases of counterfeit or defective products from third party sellers, the Act requires both collection, verification and, in certain cases, disclosure of third party seller information to combat this perceived marketplace unaccountability. 

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CFTC Chair Asserts Jurisdiction Over Fiat-Based Stablecoins

By Cheryl L. Isaac and Maxwell J. Black

Last week, Commodity Futures Trading Commission (“CFTC”) Chair Rostin Behnam asserted that fiat-based stablecoins (such as USD Coin (USDC), Tether (USDT), and Binance USD (BUSD), all of which are pegged to an underlying fiat currency) should be considered as commodities, subject to the CFTC’s enforcement jurisdiction. 

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In a Rare Decision On Abandoned Property Law, The US Supreme Court Rules Against Delaware

By Judie Rinearson, Jennifer Crowder, and Jeremy McLaughlin

On February 28, 2023, the US Supreme Court issued its decision in the abandoned property lawsuit, Delaware v. Pennsylvania (see https://www.supremecourt.gov/opinions/22pdf/145orig_kjfl.pdf)

The question addressed by the Court focused on which state was entitled to collect unclaimed property, which arose from  two financial products sold by banks on behalf of Moneygram: Agent Checks and Teller’s Checks (collectively, the “Checks”).

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Crypto Platform Kraken Pays $30 Million and Ceases Staking Services to Settle SEC Charges

By Drew Hinkes, Carly Howard, and Judie Rinearson

The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) announced a settlement with the digital assets/cryptocurrency exchange Kraken whereby Kraken agreed to cease offering or selling securities through its crypto asset staking services, and agreed to pay a penalty of $30 million (comprising disgorgement, prejudgment interest, and civil penalties).

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The CFPB Proposes New Credit Card Late Fee Limits

By John ReVeal

On February 1, 2023, the CFPB proposed new rules to reduce the late fees that credit card issuers may charge to consumers (the “Proposed Rules”).  The CFPB refers to current late fees as “over the top” and “exorbitant.”  The CFPB indicates that it believes it has the authority to limit late fees under the CARD Act of 2009, which amended the Truth in Lending Act to require that late fees and other penalty fees be “reasonable and proportional to” the consumer’s violation of the cardholder agreement.     

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“MetaBirkin” NFT Maker Liable in TM Dispute

By Terrance D. Roberts

On February 8, 2023, a Manhattan federal jury found Mason Rothschild liable for trademark infringement for his non-fungible tokens (“NFTs”) called ‘MetaBirkins’. After only 3 days of deliberation, the 9 person jury sided with Hermѐs International and found Rothschild liable for trademark infringement, trademark dilution, and for unlawfully cybersquatting on the domain name MetaBirkins.com.

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Federal Reserve Issues Policy Statement Limiting Crypto-Activities of State Member Banks

By Grant F. Butler, Carly E. Howard, Andrew M. Hinkes

The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve (the “FRB”) issued a policy statement that interprets Section 9(13) of the Federal Reserve Act to limit state member banks to engage as principal in only activities that are (a) permissible for a national bank or (b) explicitly permissible for state banks under federal law.  The activity restrictions apply equally to insured and uninsured state member banks supervised directly by the FRB. 

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